Now try it for yourself. The following sentences contain adjectives only in the standard form (male, singular). The adjective of each sentence has been made bold to make things easier. It`s up to you to decide if they`re correct, and if they`re not, correct them. Some adjectives are used for both sexes despite their end, especially those that end in -E or consonants, for example: «an interesting libro,» «a fecal examination,» «a chicota/una chica optimista.» Most adjectives that end in a consonant do not change according to gender, but change for number, as do adjectives that end in -e. Finally, there are a small number of adjectives that appear only in front of the noun or according to a verb. These are usually superlative adjectives. These adjectives change into plural forms in front of plural substrates, but they do not change regardless of the sex of the noun. The noun adjective agreement is one of the most fundamental aspects of Spanish grammar: adjectives must correspond to the noun to which they refer in both numbers and sex. With this structure, you need to make sure that you are always in agreement with the article and the adjective with the virility and plurality of the name. Even if you can`t see it explicitly, you`re still talking about it, so the properties still have to match. Some examples of common Spanish male adjectives are: Afortunado (happiness), Alto (top), Bajo (short), Bueno (well), Estupendo (awesome), Famoso (famous), Malo (bad) and Pequeo (small) In Spanish, most adjectives change the form depending on whether the word they change is male or female. Note the difference between «the big boy» and «the big girl.» In the previous lesson, we explained the placement rules for adjectives and talked about some of the situations in which they are used before or after the subtitles.
In this lesson, we learn another important feature called «concordancia del adjetivo y el sustantivo,» which is the Spanish noun adjective agreement. Don`t worry, it will be easier than it looks, even if you`ll understand everything much faster if you already know the basics about nomic sex and the plural form of names. «Lo» — adjective — «it that» — subjunctive — the trick — is that it is possible to make feminine some male adjectives by adding -A at the end when the words end in a consonance, but not in all cases,. B for example » Trabajador/Trabajadora» (correct) and «Populara» (false). Most nationalities also change their gender, including some that end up in consonants like «espa-ol->pa-ola». The singular adjectives Spanish ejonjectives always end in -z, -r, l, -e or -o/a. The Spanish adjective, by far the most common, is the end of the variety -o/-a. It ends in -o in its masculine form, and it ends in -a in its feminine form. On the other hand, when women describe names like CASA (house), we should use a female adjective like BONITA (nice) or ESPACIOSA (spacious) and not a male like BONITO or ESPACIOSO. In addition, Spanish female adjectives are the same words with a slight change at the end of -O to -A, z.B. «Bueno» to «Buena». These forms are becoming increasingly rare, especially in Latin America, and are beginning to change anyway.
For example, «pink» may be «rosado» and «naranja» «anaranjado.» Nevertheless, here are some examples of adjectives that can remain unchanged, no matter what Nov is. Some Spanish adjectives can be placed before and after Nov, and depending on their positions, they give different meanings. I think this is a very advanced subject, because the differences in meaning are generally very nuanced. Here are some more common examples: Of course, there are thousands of other adjectives in Spanish.