Agreement On The Trade-Related Aspects Of Intellectual Property Rights

Other intellectual property agreements covered by the TRIPS Agreement: the Paris Agreement, the Berne Agreement, the Rome Agreement and the Integrated Circuits Treaty. TRIPS requires Member States to ensure strong protection of intellectual property rights. For example, under TRIPS: according to TRIPS, industrialized countries should have fully implemented the agreement by 1 January 1996. Developing countries and members in transition to a market economy have had the right to postpone until 1 January 2000 the full implementation of ad hoc obligations. Least developed members had until 1 January 2006 to implement their commitments, with the possibility of a further transition upon request. Developing countries that, at the time of their application, did not grant patent protection for certain fields of technology were granted a further five-year period, until 1 January 2005, to ensure such protection. In November 2005, the 2006 transition period for the least developed countries was extended until 1 July 2013. At the WTO Ministerial Conference in Doha in 2001, the least developed countries were given an additional ten years to implement the provisions on TRIPS patents and «undisclosed information» on medicines. In July 2002, the WTO General Council agreed to waive, by 1 January 2016, the obligations of least developed countries with regard to exclusive rights to market medicines. A 2003 agreement eased the requirements of the domestic market and allows developing countries to export to other countries where there is a national health problem as long as the exported medicines are not part of a trade or industrial policy.

[10] Drugs exported under such a regime may be packaged or coloured differently to prevent them from harming the markets of industrialized countries. Notifications — Members` Transparency Toolkit Members exchange information on their intellectual property laws, regulations and practices through communications submitted to the TRIPS Council. The toolkit contains information exchange procedures and other tools for members` transparency work. The TRIPS Convention contains, by reference, the copyright provisions of the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works (art.