. DFWA, `Current Questions: Defence Case`, DFWA website, accessed 21 December 2016. The Commonwealth has also made increasing efforts to reduce its own housing costs. For example, in 2014, the Minister of Finance announced the exemption of the DHA from the Public Works Committee`s supervision for non-commonwealth land construction projects, which would have saved the government $3.1 million in the first four months.  In 2014, the government also amended the rules of the Fair Work (Building Industry) Act 2012, which lifted the DHA`s requirement to use only companies approved by the Federal Security Commissioner for the construction of individual dwellings. This should strengthen the competitiveness of the tendering process by offering a more diverse pool of contractors for the works contracts.  MCA real estate consists mainly of two bedroom apartments built in recent years and is available to members without dependents or dependents as an alternative to housing on the basis or private rental.  In November 2005, DHA and Defence agreed on an 18-month experiment of 100 properties in this type of accommodation in Darwin and set a goal in 2007 to increase the MCA stock to 1,400 items over a three-year value.  In December 2008, a long-term agreement was reached for the supply of MCA real estate, which was initially limited to Darwin, but with the possibility of expanding to other sites.  Most of the DHA`s real estate is three- or four-bedroom independent office housing, known as the «Members with Dependants» (MWD) portfolio. However, in 2015, the DHA found that «46 per cent of the [defensive] families we welcome have no children and 18 per cent have a child under the age of four.»  As a result, DHA has developed a growing portfolio of townhouses, courtyard-style homes, apartments and apartments under the banner of Members` Choice Accommodation (MCA) or Rent Band Choice (RBC) accommodation.
The 2001 review of the Australian Defence Force Remuneration (Nunn Review) recommended the creation of a regional and family «housing allowance» — essentially a cash payment to ADF staff to cover the proportional costs of rented or purchased housing.  This «shift from consumption to greater autonomy» proposed providing ADF staff with a greater choice of housing, reducing administrative complexity and saving the Commonwealth an estimated $25 million per year.  The Confederation of the Armed Forces also included a task force that published its report in September 2010.