Together, these five cases illustrate the Court of Justice`s view that oral arguments are acceptable and must be recognized as valid agreements. In Santobello, the court went so far as to ensure that the pleading trial was «not only an essential part of the trial, but also, for many reasons, a highly desirable part.» Plea`s bargains have thus become a well-established and protected routine. In the 1960s, oral arguments were still treated as unethical and, at worst, illegal. Accused defendants who had accepted oral arguments were asked not to recognize court hearings, as this might cast doubt on whether their arguments were voluntary. In 1967, however, an influential report by the President`s Prosecutions and Administration of Justice documented the widespread use of oral arguments and recommended recognition of the practice. In accordance with Article 217 of Georgia`s Code of Criminal Procedure, the prosecutor is required to consult the victim and inform him before the end of the plea. In addition, under the instructions of the Georgian Crown, the prosecutor is required to consider the interests of the victim and, as a general rule, to enter into the plea contract after compensation for the damage. Prosecutors should never lay more charges than is necessary to encourage an accused to plead guilty to a few of them. Similarly, they should never pursue a more serious charge for the sole purpose of encouraging an accused to admit less serious guilt.  Even if the charges are more serious, prosecutors can still often bluff defence lawyers and their clients for a lesser offence. As a result, people who could have been acquitted for lack of evidence, but also who are in fact truly innocent, will often plead guilty.
What for? In a word, fear. And the more accusations, the more studies, the greater the fear. This explains why prosecutors sometimes appear to charge the accused.  Plea`s negotiations are permitted in the legal system of England and Wales. The Prison Council`s guidelines require that the rebate it grants to the sentence be determined by the date of the appeal and no other factors.  The guidelines state that the earlier the admission of guilt is registered, the greater the discount on the penalty. The maximum allowable reduction is one-third, for a plea that has been introduced at the earliest stage. There is no minimum discount; an admission of guilt on the first correct day of trial would be expected for a one-tenth discount to be granted.