«After the final destruction of Nazi tyranny,» says the sixth sentence, «they hope that a peace will be established that gives all nations the opportunity to live in safety within their own borders, and that offers the certainty that all the inhabitants of all countries can live their lives in freedom from fear and distress.» Fifth clause — full economic cooperation among all nations The Atlantic Charter inspired several other international agreements and events that followed the end of the war. The dismantling of the British Empire, the formation of NATO and the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) all stem from the Atlantic Charter. The Atlantic Charter was an agreement between the United States and Great Britain. Fourthly, they shall endeavour, in accordance with their existing obligations, to give all States, large or small, victorious or defeated, access to world trade and raw materials necessary for their equal economic prosperity; U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill discussed what was to become the Atlantic Charter at the Atlantic Conference held in Placentia Bay, Newfoundland, in 1941.  They made their joint statement on August 14, 1941 at the U.S. Naval Base in the Bay, Naval Base Argentia, recently leased by Britain as part of an agreement where the Americans gave the British 50 surplus destroyers for use against German submarines, while the United States did not take the war until four months later as a combatant. Then, one afternoon, we learned that President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill were at a conference «somewhere at sea» – the same seas as the desperate Battle of the Atlantic – and on August 14, the two leaders made a joint statement intended to be known in history as the Atlantic Charter. The most striking feature of the discussion was that an agreement had been reached between a number of countries with differing views, which accepted that domestic policies were relevant to the international problem.  The agreement proved to be one of the first steps towards the creation of the United Nations. The Nuremberg Trials, which took place to bring Nazi war criminals to justice, were a series of thirteen trials that took place in Nuremberg between 1945 and 1949. The defendants, including NSDAP officials and high-ranking military personnel, as well as Germans.
Churchill then handed the president a letter from King George VI and made an official statement that the film crew present was unable to record despite two attempts.  The Axis powers, especially Japan, interpreted the diplomatic agreements as a potential alliance against them. . . .