The correct answer is the only one that uses the right subject-verbal convention and has the right grammar. For example, «reason» cannot be «directly correlated to something.» The underlined expression has a misuse of the verb «is» because the theme «player» is a plural form. The verb must also be plural. «There is no player» is the correct answer- The underlined part of the sentence contains a verb error with «runs.» «John and Susan,» while the two singular nouns are together a plural and require a plural form instead of singular «races.» «Run to the finish line» is the right answer choice. The subject of the sentence is singular («majority»). The verbs and pronouns used throughout the sentence must correspond in number with the subject (i.e. wants, the company). This choice of answer corrects the error of the subject`s original chord by changing the plural with the singular dismisses. The word «or» and its cousins «either… or» and «neither… are a little more delicate. If both parts are singular, use a singular verb. If both parts are plural, use a plural verb.
What if we have a singular term and a plural concept that is bound by «or» or one of its cousins? This is one of the rich and anti-intuitive rules of all grammar. If the two parts of a «or» construction differ in number, the number of verbs reflects the name closest to the verb. Although this choice of response adds the words it never had and is therefore more redundant than the original sentence, it is the only grammatically correct choice of the answer. If two or more names are bound by the word «and» then they are all part of the subject, so the subject is naturally plural and takes a plural verb. Be careful if the subject P and Q is separated — P [long change clause] and Q. Analyze the remaining response options to detect potential grammatical differences and errors. B has «Allude» while C has hints. You are clearly dealing with a verb-subject agreement. Is the subject plural or singular? In the first version, we replace the plural with a singular; in the second, the singular subject becomes plural by incorporating the amending sentence. Either we`re working here as a correction. The two phrases of amendment here — «[d]e- the residents` requests» and «which is of five members of the organization» — mask the subject and the verb, and complicate their disagreements.
Here, too, it can help bring out these sentences and read them around them. However, we also have here the question of a single name (the board of directors of the owners` association), which sounds pluralistic because it is composed of several people, but is in fact unique. The plural verb «did not» is therefore false in the written sentence. There are a few ways to remedy this, each of which is also achievable as a choice of answer on the GMAT. This is perhaps the most important of all sentence correction tasks.