But without the United States, the balance between the parties that signed the Paris agreement shifts in China`s favor on key issues that have not yet been resolved. According to Michael Oppenheimer, a climatologist at Princeton University in New Jersey, China could resist demands for follow-up and detailed reports on how countries implement their policies and achieve their goals. «It doesn`t bode well for the effectiveness of the Paris agreement,» he says. The long-term objective of the Paris Agreement is to keep the increase in global average temperature well below 2 degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit) above pre-industrial levels; and to continue efforts to limit the increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius, while acknowledging that this would significantly reduce the risks and effects of climate change. This should require a rapid reduction in emissions to achieve «a balance between anthropogenic emissions from sources and the reduction of greenhouse gases from wells» in the second half of the 21st century. It also means increasing the parties` ability to adapt to the negative effects of climate change and «reconciling financial flows with a way to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and climate-resistant development.» Although the United States and Turkey are not parties to the agreement, as they have not indicated their intention to withdraw from the 1992 UNFCCC, they will continue to be required, as an «Annex 1″ country under the UNFCCC, to end national communications and establish an annual inventory of greenhouse gases. Neither China nor the EU can completely fill the void left by the United States, said Susanne Dr-ge, a policy expert at the German Institute for International and Security Issues in Berlin. «Leadership is not just about ambitious announcements, it`s about a credible economic agenda and international cooperation,» she said. To avoid the worst effects of climate change, we need to rapidly reduce emissions to zero by 2050.
Climate data are key to understanding the latest emissions trends and the short- and long-term measures of countries that are turning the emissions curve down. Now, that future could be in jeopardy, as President Donald Trump prepares to pull the United States out of the agreement — a step he can only legally take after the next presidential election — as part of a larger effort to dismantle decades of U.S. environmental policy. Fortunately, instead of giving up the fight, city, state, economy and citizens across the country and around the world are stepping up efforts to advance the clean energy advances needed to achieve the goals of the agreement and curb dangerous climate change, with or without the Trump administration. Negotiators of the agreement stated that the INDCs presented at the time of the Paris conference were insufficient and found that «the estimates of aggregate greenhouse gas emissions in 2025 and 2030 resulting from the planned contributions at the national level are not covered by the least expensive scenarios of 2oC, but lead to a projected level of 55 gigatons in 2030.» and recognizes that «much greater efforts to reduce emissions will be needed to keep the global average temperature rise to less than 2 degrees Celsius, by reducing emissions to 40 gigatonnes or 1.5 degrees Celsius.»  [Clarification needed] Climate Watch, WRI`s climate data platform, provides hundreds of open visual datasets that record historical greenhouse gas emissions from all countries , regions, sectors and different types of greenhouse gases. The platform allows users to analyze and compare national contributions (NDCs) and long-term strategies (LTS) under the Paris Agreement, to learn about countries` climate policies, to see how countries can use their climate goals to achieve their sustainable development goals, and to use models to map new paths to a low-carbon and prosperous future.